math 8

Mathematics Class 8 Syllabus

Units Topic
1 Rational Numbers
2 Exponents and Powers
3 Squares and Squares Roots, Cubes and Cube Roots
4 Linear Equations in one variable
5 Understanding Quadrilaterals and Constructions
6 Mensuration
7 Algebraic Expressions, Identities and Factorization
8 Ratio, proportion and percentage
9 Direct and Inverse Proportion
10 Representing 3D in 2D
11 Playing with Numbers
12 Data Handling
Unit 1: Rational Numbers

• Definition and operations on rational numbers
• Properties on Rational Numbers
• Representation of rational numbers on number line
• Finding two or more rational numbers between two given rational numbers
• Applications of rational numbers in problem solving

Unit 2: Exponents and Powers

• Exponents
• Laws of Exponent
• Application of Laws of Exponents

Unit 3: Squares and Square Roots; Cubes and Cube

• Introduction to Squares
• Properties of Squares of natural numbers
• Square Root of a given number
• Estimation of square root
• Applications of square and square root of a number
• Introduction to Cube of a number
• Properties of cubes of natural numbers
• Cube Root of a given number
• Application of cubes and cube of a number

Unit 4: Linear Equations in One Variable

• Linear equations
• Solution of Linear equations
• Application of Linear equations

Unit 5: Linear Understanding Quadrilaterals and Constructing Quadrilaterals

• Introduction to term polygon and its types
• Angle sum property of a polygon
• Types of Quadrilaterals with their properties
• Types of parallelograms
• Construction of Quadrilaterals

Unit 6: Mensuration

• Area of 2-dimensional figures
• Area of 3-dimensional figures
• Volume of 3-dimensional figures
• Applications of volume and surface area

Unit 7: Algebraic Expressions, Identities and Factorization of algebraic expressions

• Algebraic expression
• Multiplication of algebraic expressions
• Algebraic identities
• Factorization
• Division of two algebraic expressions

Unit 8: Comparing Quantities

• Ratio and Proportion
• Percentage
• Profit and Loss
• Sales Tax and Value Added Tax (VAT)
• Compound Interest

Unit 9: Direct and Inverse Proportion

• Direct Proportion
• Inverse Proportion
• Mixed Problems

Unit 10: Representing 3D in 2D

• Identification of 3-D objects
• Different views of 3-D objects
• Introduction to Map
• Polyhedron
• Euler’s Formula

Unit 11: Playing with Numbers

• General form of a number
• Letters for digits (decoding the digits from letters)
• Divisibility tests

Unit 12: Data Handling

• Graphical representation of data
• Group data
• Histogram
• Pie Chart
• Probability